The contract disappointed European airlines, believing that it was reversed in favor of American airlines: while American airlines are allowed to operate intra-EU flights (if it is a cargo flight or a passenger flight, when it is the second stage of a flight started in the United States), European airlines are not allowed to operate intra-EU flights or take a majority stake in an operator. American.  The agreement replaced and replaced previous open skies agreements between the United States and some European countries. Open skies agreements have significantly expanded international passenger and cargo flights to and from the United States, fostered more travel and commerce, increased productivity, and fostered quality employment opportunities and economic growth. Open skies agreements do this by eliminating state intervention in air carriers` commercial decisions on routes, capacity and prices and by enabling airlines to provide more affordable, convenient and efficient air services to consumers. The original agreement was signed on April 30, 2007 in Washington, D.C. The agreement entered into force on 30 March 2008. The second phase was signed in June 2010 and provisionally applied until ratification by all signatories.  As part of the agreement, London Heathrow was opened to full competition. This ended the exclusive right granted to two US airlines and two British airlines (founded under the 1977 Bermuda II Agreement, which remains in force for traffic rights from the British Overseas Territories to the US) to fly transatlantic services from Heathrow. These four companies were British Airways, Virgin Atlantic, United Airlines and American Airlines. The EU-US Open Skies Agreement is an agreement on skiing air transport between the European Union (EU) and the United States (USA).
The agreement allows every airline in the European Union and every airline in the United States to fly between every point in the European Union and every point in the United States. Both EU and US airlines can continue to fly to another destination in another country after their first stopover (Fifth Freedom Rights). Since the EU is not treated as a single area for the purposes of the agreement, this means, in practice, that US airlines can fly between two points in the EU as long as that flight is the continuation of a flight that started in the US (e.g. B New York – London – Berlin). EU airlines can also fly between the US and third countries that are part of the European Common Aviation Area, such as Switzerland. EU and US airlines can operate all cargo flights under seventh freedom rights, meaning that US airlines` net cargo flights can be made from one EU country to any other country (including another EU country) and EU airlines` net cargo flights between the US and any other country.  Norway and Iceland acceded to the Agreement from 2011 and their airlines enjoy the same rights as EU airlines.  In November 2018, the UK concluded an individual “open skies” agreement with the US, which will succeed the EU deal after Brexit.
 The US open skies policy goes hand in hand with the globalization of airlines. By allowing airlines unlimited access to our partners` markets and being able to fly all intermediaries and the most remote, open skies agreements offer maximum operational flexibility for airline alliances. The United States has achieved open skis with more than 100 partners from all regions of the world and at all levels of economic development. In addition to the bilateral open skies agreements, the United States has negotiated two multilateral open skies agreements: (1) the 2001 Multilateral Agreement on the Liberalization of International Air Transport (MALIAT) with New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei and Chile, later joined by Samoa, Tonga and Mongolia; and (2) the 2007 Air Services Agreement with the European Community and its 27 Member States. . . .