“This may very well fit with the environmental programs we talked about recently. If you are looking at a five-year programme, you want a five-year agreement to agree with the five-year programme, otherwise it will not work. Conacre and Agistment Rental is now a real estate service in which the agent is responsible for renting or auctioning the rights of sowing or harvesting of plants (conacre) or the right to pasture (Agistment) on behalf of a landowner. The landowner is the only party who can first instruct an agent to rent or auction to Conacre and Agistment, and therefore the landowner is the client. During the nineteenth century, conacre-Land was normally rented according to a system of eleven months, considered long enough to sow and harvest a crop, without however creating a relationship between the lessor and the tenant. Keeping the country under Conacre did not grant legal rights to the land, with rent being paid in cash, labor, or a combination of both. Most often in Munster and Connacht for a variety of crops, in Leinster and Ulster, Conacre was almost exclusively used for a single potato crop. Previously, a third of the utilised agricultural area in Northern Ireland was leased as a Conacre. Some historians believe that this is one of the factors that were responsible for the Great Irish Famine. Definitions Conacre is the right to sow and harvest on the land of another. Agistment is the right to graze cattle on the land of another. The agreement is usually seasonal, normally for 11 months, but never for 12 full months, in order to avoid creating a relationship between the lessor and the tenant, and therefore it is not a lease and the farmer who takes the land is not a lessee. On 27 July 2014, the Commission presented a number of aspects that will concern landowners and farmers.
Perhaps, due to the relatively short timeframes covered by the confirmation and maintenance agreements, these were usually rather simple documents or simply a handshake. The owner of the land would slurry the land before leasing, normally at a rate between £6 and £14 per acre in 1840. . . .