However, the document refers to earlier statements by Bush and Putin, including the November 13 announcement, in which Bush said he intended to reduce the number of “operational” strategic weapons, indicating that the treaty only covers warheads connected to their carrier vehicles and ready to take off. Ratification was followed by three years of inaction in the destruction of chemical weapons due to the Russian financial crisis of August 1998. According to Ken Alibek, deputy director of Biopreparat, the Soviet Biological Weapons Agency, which dumped in the United States in 1992, weapons were developed in laboratories located in remote areas of the Soviet Union, including mobilization facilities in Uutininsk, Pensa and Pokrov and research institutes in Moscow, Stirzhi and Vladimir. Russia will also threaten a nuclear conflict in order to avoid an initial escalation of a major conventional conflict.  Hans Kristensen, a nuclear weapons expert at the Federation of American Scientists, tweeted that President Vladimir Putin was proposing a deal that would fall far short of the Trump administration`s initial demands, including his insistence that China be part of a new treaty.